Senates

Election Passport is pleased to present the results of upper house or Senate elections from around the world.

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This site is funded in part by American University’s School of Public Affairs

I am grateful to the School of Public Affairs and the Center for Latino/a and Latin American Studies at American University for providing funding to make this data collection possible. My thanks to Arunjana Das, Ramón Galiñanes, Avi-Yona Israel, and Ranu Nath for their research assistance and Anders Rosen for his kind website support. These data are offered free to everyone with the sole requirement being that you cite it properly and send copies of any work produced utilizing it to dlublin at american.edu.

Citation: David Lublin. “Election Passport: Senates.” School of Public Affairs, American University. http://www.electionpassport.com/senates.

David Lublin, Professor of Government in the School of Public Affairs at American University, created Election Passport in 2013. The recipient of two grants from the National Science Foundation and a fellowship from the German Marshall Fund, David has authored three books, including The Paradox of Representation and The Republican South, published by Princeton. Most recently, Minority Rules: Electoral Systems, Decentralization, and Ethnoregional Parties, was published by Oxford in December 2014. A list of his past journal articles and other activities can be found at davidlublin.com.

Countrywide totals reported elsewhere do not always comport with the results here due to data discrepancies.

Place Election Years Data
Codebook
Argentina 2001, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015 AR AR
Australia 1993, 1996, 1998, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016 AU AU
Belgium 1946, 1949, 1950, 1954, 1958, 1961, 1965, 1968, 1971, 1974, 1977, 1978, 1981, 1985, 1987, 1991, 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007, 2010 BE BE
Bhutan 2007-8, 2013 BT BT
Bolivia 1979, 1980, 1985, 1989, 1993, 1997, 2002, 2005, 2009, 2014 BO BO
Brazil 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014 BR BR
Burma (Myanmar) 2010, 2015 MM MM
Chile 1989, 1993, 1997, 2001, 2005, 2009, 2013 CL CL
Czechia 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2016 CZ CZ
Dominican Republic 2002, 2006, 2010, 2016 DR DR
Haiti 2000, 2015-16, 2016-17 HT HT
Italy 1948, 1953, 1958, 1963, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1979, 1983, 1987, 1992, 1994, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2008, 2013 IT IT
Liberia 2005, 2012, 2014 LR LR
Mexico 1991, 1994, 1997, 2000, 2006, 2012 MX MX
Nigeria 2011 NG NG
Palau 2008, 2012 PW PW
Paraguay 1998, 2003, 2008, 2013 PY PY
Poland 1991, 1993, 1997, 2001, 2005, 2007, 2011, 2015 PL PL
Romania 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012 RO RO
Spain 1977, 1979, 1982, 1986, 1989, 1993, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2011, 2015 ES ES
Switzerland 1967, 1971, 1975, 1979, 1983, 1987, 1991, 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007, 2011, 2015 CH CH
Thailand 2008, 2014 TH TH
United States 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014, 2016 US US
Uruguay 1954, 1958, 1962, 1966, 1971, 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014 UY UY
Zimbabwe 2005, 2008, 2013 ZW ZW